Currently, most of citizens live in the city. More than 3.5 million people occupy only 2% of the earth’s land, but account for 60 – 80% of energy consumption and 75% of carbon emissions. The number of population in urban ares will rapidly increase by almost 60% in 2030. Along with global trends, urbanization in Indonesia rose slightly from 42% in 2000 to 52% in 2013 which created challenges such as low funding to ensure basic public services, energy efficiency, pollution, transportation, water availability, food security, and waste management. There are three basic needs of sustainability on urban development in island and coastal environment that will be discussed in SDSN National Meeting 2015: clean water, food security, and waste management. Clean water is a vital needs of living. However, clean water still become expensive natural resource in some island and coastal environment.